A minor penalty against a player other than the netminder will result in that player being taken off the ice for two minutes or until the other team scores. In the case of a minor penalty being called against a netminder, then another player on the ice will serve his time in the penalty box.
Double Minor Penalty
When a referee decides that more than a minor penalty is required, but not a major penalty. An example is when it results in injury or there is an attempt to injure. They are served as two minor penalties totalling four minutes.
A major penalty is called when the referee decides a greater degree of violence or deliberate severity was used. Kneeing and spearing are almost always major penalties. A major penalty includes five minutes in the penalty box.
High-Sticking – striking an opponent with your stick above shoulder level.
Boarding – checking an opponent from behind into the boards.
Holding – using your hands to grasp an opponent or part of his equipment.
Charging – taking more than three strides or jumping before checking an opponent.
Hooking – impeding the progress of a player by hooking him with the blade of the stick.
Cross-Checking – hitting an opponent with both hands on the stick and then extending the arms while the check is being delivered.
Elbowing – using an elbow to impede an opponent.
Interference – impeding progress of another player who doesn’t have the puck or who is pursuing the puck. Also for knocking an opponent’s fallen stick out of his reach.
Misconduct – when a player uses abusive language or gestures, unsportsmanlike conduct, or fails to follow an officials’ orders.
Spearing – when a player thrusts his stick like a spear at his opponent.
Slashing – when a player swings his stick and strikes an opponent.
Tripping – when a player trips an opponent with his stick or any part of his body.
Roughing – when a player shoves or is involved in a minor scuffle.
Unsportsmanlike Conduct – when a player uses abusive language or gestures, unsportsmanlike conduct, or fails to follow an officials’ orders.
Fighting – when at least one player punches or attempts to punch an opponent repeatedly or when two players wrestle in such a manner that makes it difficult for the Linesmen to intervene and separate them.